網頁服務

Koha provides a number of APIs allowing access to it’s data and functions.

OAI-PMH

開放檔案存取協定 (OAI-PMH) 有兩組 『參與者』:資料提供者與服務提供者。資料提供者 (開放檔案、典藏庫) 提供自由近用的後設資料,以及可能,但不是必要的,自由近用全文或其他資源。OAI-PMH 提供簡便、低門檻的解決方案給資料提供者。服務提供者運用資料提供者的 OAI 介面擷取並儲存後設資料。沒有向資料提供者提出即時搜尋要求;而是,以OAI-PMH 擷取資料。

目前 Koha 祗能擔任資料提供者的角色。不能從其他典藏庫提取資料。主要的障礙在於 MARC 祗能供 Koha 索引之用。見 http://www.oaforum.org/tutorial/english/page3.htm 有關 OAI-PMH 運作的圖示。

By default Koha won’t include item information in OAI-PMH result sets, but they can be added by using the include_items option in the a configuration file linked from OAI-PMH:ConfFile.

OAI-PMH 詳情見:http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/

編輯 OAI-PMH 偏好啟用 OAI-PMH。啟用之後就能進入 http://YOURKOHACATALOG/cgi-bin/koha/oai.pl 查看檔案。

OAI 組態檔範例

format:
  vs:
    metadataPrefix: vs
    metadataNamespace: http://veryspecial.tamil.fr/vs/format-pivot/1.1/vs
    schema: http://veryspecial.tamil.fr/vs/format-pivot/1.1/vs.xsd
    xsl_file: /usr/local/koha/xslt/vs.xsl
  marcxml:
     metadataPrefix: marxml
     metadataNamespace: http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim http://www.loc.gov/standards/marcxml/schema/MARC21slim
     schema: http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim http://www.loc.gov/standards/marcxml/schema/MARC21slim.xsd
     include_items: 1
  oai_dc:
     metadataPrefix: oai_dc
     metadataNamespace: http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/
     schema: http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd
     xsl_file: /usr/local/koha/koha-tmpl/intranet-tmpl/xslt/UNIMARCslim2OAIDC.xsl

SRU server

Koha 經由 URL (SRU) 通信協定執行搜尋/取得作業。詳情請參見 http://www.loc.gov/standards/sru/。使用1.1 版。

解釋

If you want to have information about the implementation of SRU on a given server, you should have access to the Explain file using a request to the server without any parameter. Like http://myserver.com:9999/biblios/. The response from the server is an XML file that should look like the following and will give you information about the default settings of the SRU server.

       <zs:explainResponse>
            <zs:version>1.1</zs:version>
            <zs:record>
                 <zs:recordSchema>http://explain.z3950.org/dtd/2.0/</zs:recordSchema>
                 <zs:recordPacking>xml</zs:recordPacking>
                 <zs:recordData>
                 <explain xml:base="zebradb/explain-biblios.xml">
                 <!--
                 try stylesheet url: http://./?stylesheet=docpath/sru2.xsl
                 -->
            <serverInfo protocol="SRW/SRU/Z39.50">
                 <host>biblibre</host>
                 <port>9999</port>
                 <database>biblios</database>
            </serverInfo>
            <databaseInfo>
                 <title lang="en" primary="true">Koha 3 Bibliographic SRU/SRW/Z39.50 server</title>
                 <description lang="en" primary="true">Koha 3 Bibliographic Server</description>
                 <links>
                      <sru>http://biblibre:9999</sru>
                 </links>
            </databaseInfo>
            <indexInfo>
                 <set name="cql" identifier="info:srw/cql-context-set/1/cql-v1.1">
                      <title>CQL Standard Set</title>
                 </set>
                 <index search="true" scan="true" sort="false">
                 <title lang="en">CQL Server Choice</title>
                 <map>
                      <name set="cql">serverChoice</name>
                 </map>
            <map>
               <attr type="1" set="bib1">text</attr>
               </map>
          </index>
      <index search="true" scan="true" sort="false">
         <title lang="en">CQL All</title>
             <map>
<name set="cql">all</name>
</map>
<map>
<attr type="1" set="bib1">text</attr>
</map>
</index>
<!-- Record ID index -->
<index search="true" scan="true" sort="false">
<title lang="en">Record ID</title>
<map>
<name set="rec">id</name>
</map>
<map>
<attr type="1" set="bib1">rec:id</attr>
<attr type="4" set="bib1">3</attr>
</map>
</index>

取得搜尋結果

我的搜尋 http://univ_lyon3.biblibre.com:9999/biblios?version=1.1&amp;operation=searchRetrieve&amp;query=coral reefs&amp;maximumRecords=1 提取一筆紀錄。回應的內容像這樣:

          <zs:searchRetrieveResponse>
<zs:version>1.1</zs:version>
<zs:numberOfRecords>1</zs:numberOfRecords>
<zs:records>
<zs:record>
<zs:recordPacking>xml</zs:recordPacking>
<zs:recordData>
<record xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim http://www.loc.gov/ standards/marcxml/schema/MARC21slim.xsd">
<leader> cam a22 4500</leader>
<datafield tag="010" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">2-603-01193-6</subfield>
<subfield code="b">rel.</subfield>
<subfield code="d">159 F</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="020" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">FR</subfield>
<subfield code="b">00065351</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="101" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
<subfield code="c">ita</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="105" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">a z 00|y|</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="106" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">r</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="100" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">20091130 frey50 </subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="200" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">Guide des récifs coralliens / A Guide to Coral Reefs</subfield>
<subfield code="b">Texte imprimé</subfield>
<subfield code="e">la faune sous-marine des coraux</subfield>
<subfield code="f">A. et A. Ferrari</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="210" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">Lausanne</subfield>
<subfield code="a">Paris</subfield>
<subfield code="c">Delachaux et Niestlé</subfield>
<subfield code="d">cop. 2000</subfield>
<subfield code="e">impr. en Espagne</subfield>
</datafield>
<datafield tag="215" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
<subfield code="a">287 p.</subfield>
<subfield code="c">ill. en coul., couv. ill. en coul.</subfield>
<subfield code="d">20 cm</subfield>
</datafield>
......
<idzebra>
<size>4725</size>
<localnumber>2</localnumber>
<filename>/tmp/nw10BJv9Pk/upd_biblio/exported_records</filename>
</idzebra>
</record>
</zs:recordData>
<zs:recordPosition>1</zs:recordPosition>
</zs:record>
</zs:records>
</zs:searchRetrieveResponse>

ILS-DI

As of writing, the self documenting ILS-DI is the most complete interface and after it has been enabled as described in the ILS-DI system preferences section the documentation should be available at https://YOURKOHACATALOG/cgi-bin/koha/ilsdi.pl

JSON reports services

Koha implements a JSON reports service for every report saved using the Guided Reports Wizard or Report from SQL features.

By default reports will be non-public and only accessible by authenticated users. If a report is explicitly set to public it will be accessible without authentication by anyone. This feature should only be used when the data can be shared safely not containing any patron information.

The reports can be accessed using the following URLs:

  • Public reports

    • OpacBaseURL/cgi-bin/koha/svc/report?id=REPORTID

  • Non-public reports

    • StaffBaseURL/cgi-bin/koha/svc/report?id=REPORTID

There are also some additional parameters available:

  • Instead of accessing the report by REPORTID you can also use the report’s name:

    • …/cgi-bin/koha/svc/report?name=REPORTNAME

  • For easier development there is also an option to generate an annotated output of the data. It will generate an array of hashes that include the field names as keys.

    • …/cgi-bin/koha/svc/report?name=REPORTNAME&annotated=1

Versioned RESTful API Effort

There is an ongoing effort to converge the APIs above into a single versioned set of modern RESTful endpoints documented using the OpenAPI standard and available by default under https://YOURKOHACATALOG/api/v1/

OAuth2 client credentials grant

Koha supports the OAuth2 client credentials grant as a means to secure the API for using it from other systems to adhere to current industry standards. More information on the OAuth2 client credentials grant standard can be found here.

API key management interface for patrons

In order for API keys to be create for patrons, the system preference RESTOAuth2ClientCredentials must be enabled for the option to appear in a patron record.

  1. Navigate to a patron record and select More > Manage API keys

image1336

  1. If no API keys exist for a patron there will be a message prompting to generate a client id/secret pair

image1337

  1. Enter a description for the client id/secret pair and click Save

image1338

  1. Koha will generate a client id/secret pair for use to connect to Koha from other third-party systems as an authenticated client

    image1339

  2. Clicking the Revoke button next to an API credential pair will render the specific credential pair inactive until reactivated