The Koha Acquisitions module provides a way for the library to record orders placed with vendors and manage purchase budgets.

  • Get there: More > Acquisitions


Before using the Acquisitions Module you will want to make sure that you have completed all of the set up.

First, set your Acquisitions System Preferences and Acquisitions Administration to match your library’s workflow. Before setting your EDI Accounts and Library EANs you will need to have entered your vendors.

On the main acquisitions page you will see your library’s funds listed.



If the total line is confusing for the funds you have set up you can hide it by adding

#funds_total {display:none;}

to the IntranetUserCSS preference.

To see all active funds you can click the checkbox next to ‘Show active and inactive’ above the funds table.

To see a history of all orders in a fund you can click on the linked amount and it will run a search for you.


Learn more in the Budget/Fund Tracking section of this manual.


Before any orders can be places you must first enter at least one vendor.

Add a Vendor

To add a vendor click the ‘New Vendor’ button on the Acquisitions page


The vendor add form is broken into three pieces

  • The first section is for basic information about the Vendor


    • Of these fields, only the Vendor name is required, the rest of the information should be added to help with generating claim letters and invoices
  • The second section is for information regarding your contact at the Vendor’s office


    • None of these fields are required, they should only be entered if you want to keep track of your contact’s information within Koha

      • Primary acquisitions contact: check this box if this person is your primary contact regarding acquisitions from this vendor
      • Primary serials contact: check this box if this person is your primary contact regarding serial acquisitions from this vendor
      • Contact when ordering? check this box if you want to be able to send your orders by email directly to this person
      • Contact about late orders? check this box if you want to be able to send your acquisitions claims by email directly to this person
      • Contact about late issues? check this box if you want to be able to send your serials claims by email directly to this person
    • You can add more than one contact per vendor by clicking on the ‘Add another contact’ button

  • The final section is for billing information


    • To be able to order from a vendor you must make them ‘Active’
    • For List Prices and Invoice Prices choose the currency
    • If your library is charged tax mark your Tax Number as registered
    • Note if you list prices and/or invoice prices include tax
    • If the vendor offers a consistent blank discount, enter that in the ‘Discount’ field
      • You can enter item specific discounts when placing an order
    • Enter your tax rate if your library is charged taxes on orders
    • If you know about how long it usually takes orders to arrive from this vendor you can enter a delivery time. This will allow Koha to estimate when orders will arrive at your library on the late orders report.
    • Notes are for internal use

View/Edit a Vendor

To view a vendor’s information page you must search for the vendor from the Acquisitions home page. Your search can be for any part of the Vendor’s name:


From the results, click on the name of the vendor you want to view or edit


To make changes to the vendor, simply click the ‘Edit vendor’ button.

If the vendor has no baskets attached to it then a ‘Delete vendor’ button will also be visible and the vendor can be deleted. Otherwise you will see a ‘Receive shipment’ button.


Vendor Contracts

You can define contracts (with a start and end date) and attach them to a vendor. This is used so that at the end of the year you can see how much you spent on a specific contract with a vendor. In some places, contracts are set up with a minimum and maximum yearly amount.

Add a Contract

At the top of a Vendor Information Page, you will see a ‘New Contract’ button.


The contract form will ask for some very basic information about the contract



You cannot enter a contract retrospectively. The end date must not be before today’s date.

Once the contract is saved it will appear below the vendor information.


It will also be an option when creating a basket


Managing Suggestions

Purchase suggestions can be generated in one of two ways. You can create suggestions via the staff client either for the library or on the patron’s behalf from their record. Depending on your settings in the suggestion system preference, patrons may also be able to make purchase suggestions via the OPAC. When a suggestion is waiting for library review, it will appear on the Acquisitions home page under the vendor search.


It will also appear on the main staff dashboard under the module labels:


Clicking ‘Manage suggestions’ will take you to the suggestion management tool. If there are no pending suggestions you can access the suggestion management tool by clicking the ‘Manage suggestions’ link on the menu on the left of the Acquisitions page.


Your suggestions will be sorted into several tabs: Accepted, Pending, Checked, Ordered and/or Rejected. Each accepted or rejected suggestion will show the name of the librarian who managed the suggestion and the reason they gave for accepting or rejecting it (found under ‘Status’).

An ‘Accepted’ suggestion is one that you have marked as ‘Accepted’ using the form below the suggestions. A ‘Pending’ suggestion is one that is awaiting action from the library. A ‘Checked’ suggestion is one that has been marked as ‘Checked’ using the form before the suggestions. An ‘Ordered’ suggestion is on that has been ordered using the ‘From a purchase suggestion’ link in your basket. A ‘Rejected’ suggestion is one that you have marked at ‘Rejected’ using the form below the list of suggestions.

For libraries with lots of suggestions, there are filters on the left hand side of the Manage Suggestions page to assist in limiting the number of titles displayed on the screen.


Clicking on the blue headings will expand the filtering options and clicking ‘[clear]’ will clear all filters and show all suggestions.


The suggestions page will automatically be limited to suggestions for your library. To see information for all (or any other) libraries click on the ‘Acquisition information’ filter and change the library.


When reviewing ‘Pending’ suggestions you can choose to check the box next to the item(s) you want to approve/reject and then choose the status and reason for your selection. You can also choose to completely delete the suggestion by checking the ‘Delete selected’ box.


Another option for libraries with long lists of suggestions is to approve or reject suggestions one by one by clicking on the title of the suggestion to open a summary of the suggestion, including information if the item was purchased.


Clicking ‘edit’ to the right of the suggested title or at the to pof the suggestion detail page will open a suggestion editing page.


From this form you can make edits to the suggestion (adding more details or updating incorrect information provided by the patron). You can also choose to accept or reject the suggestion on an individual basis.

  • Choosing to mark a request as ‘Pending’ will move the request back to the ‘Pending’ tab.

Reasons for accepting and rejecting suggestions are defined by the SUGGEST authorized value.


If you choose ‘Others…’ as your reason you will be prompted to enter your reason in a text box. Clicking ‘Cancel’ to the right of the box will bring back the pull down menu with authorized reasons.


You can also assign this suggestion to a fund.


This edit can trigger a notice (defined in the Notices & Slips tool with the TO_PROCESS notice) to the fund owner that there is a suggestion ready for them to manage if you have turned on the cron job to generate these notices.

Once you have clicked ‘Submit’ the suggestion will be moved to the matching tab. The status will also be updated on the patron’s account in the OPAC and an email notice will be sent to the patron using the template that matches the status you have chosen.


Placing Orders

To place an order you must first search for the vendor or bookseller you want to send the order to.


If you are planning on using EDIFACT to submit your order you will need to first set up your library’s EDI Accounts and EANs.

Create a basket


If you’re using EDI for ordering you will want to download your order record from your vendor before starting the process in Koha.

To create a basket you must first search for the vendor you’re ordering from:


And click the ‘New basket’ button to the right of the vendor name.


You can also add to an existing basket by clicking the ‘Add to basket’ link to the far right of each basket’s information in the results table.

After clicking ‘New basket’ you will be asked to enter some information about the order:


  • When adding a basket you want to give it a name that will help you identify it later
  • Enter in the Billing Place and Delivery Place (this will default the library you’re logged in at)
  • If you would like to change the vendor you’re ordering from you can use the Vendor pull down menu
  • The notes fields are optional and can contain any type of information
  • If you’re ordering standing items (items which arrive regularly) then you will want to check the ‘Orders are standing’ box for this basket

If you have added contracts to the vendor you’re ordering from, you will also have an option to choose which contract you’re ordering these items under.


When finished, click ‘Save’


Once your basket is created you are presented with several options for adding items to the order.

  • If you are ordering another copy of an existing item, you can simply search for the record in your system.


    • From the results, simply click ‘Order’ to be brought to the order form.


      • All of the details associated with the item will already be listed under ‘Catalog details.’
  • If you allow patrons to make purchase suggestions (learn more in the Managing Suggestions section of this manual), then you can place orders from those suggestions. In order to keep track of suggestions that have been ordered and received you must place the order using this link.


    • From the results, click ‘Order’ next to the item you want to order and you will be presented with the order form including a link to the suggestion


      • From this form you can make changes to the Catalog Details if necessary.

      • When the item appears in your basket it will include a link to the suggestion.


    • Orders added to the basket in this way will notify the patron via email that their suggestion has been ordered and will update the patron’s ‘My purchase suggestions’ page in the OPAC.

  • If you’re using the Serials module you can link your subscription order information to acquisitions by choosing to order ‘From a subscription’

    • After clicking the order link you will be brought to a search page that will help you find your subscription


    • Your results will appear to the right of the form and each subscription will have an ‘Order’ link to the right


    • Clicking ‘Order’ will bring the subscription info in to the order form without an ‘Add item’ section since you are just ordering a subscription and an item isn’t needed


  • To order from a record that can’t be found anywhere else, choose the ‘From a new (empty) record.’


    • You will be presented with an empty form to fill in all of the necessary details about the item you are ordering.
  • If you want to search other libraries for an item to purchase, you can use the ‘From an external source’ option that will allow you to order from a MARC record found via a Z39.50 search.


    • From the results, click the Order link next to the item you want to purchase.


    • If the item you’re ordering from an external source looks like it might be a duplicate, Koha will warn you and give you options on how to proceed.


      • From the warning, you can choose to order another copy on the existing bib record, create a new bib record, or cancel your order of this item.
    • In the order form that pops up, you will not be able to edit the catalog details.


  • The next option for ordering is to order from a staged record (learn more about staging records).


    This is the option you will choose if you have an order file from your vendor.

Order from a staged file


  • From the list of files you are presented with, choose the ‘Add orders’ link to add the records in the staged file to your order.


  • Next to each title is a checkbox, check the items you would like to order, or choose ‘Check all’ at the top. Depending on your settings in the MarcFieldsToOrder preference Koha will populate the next screen with with the relevant Quantity, Price, Fund, Statistic 1, and Statistic 2 found within the staged file.


  • In the ‘Item Information’ tab you can enter information that will be added to every ordered item such as item type, collection code and not for loan status.


  • If no information is imported from the MARC record regarding fund information the ‘Default accounting details’ tab can be used to apply values related to the accounting.


  • The final option for ordering is to order from a list of titles with the highest hold ratios

    • This option will take you to the Holds Ratio report where you can find items with a high hold ratio and order additional copies. Next to each title will be a link with the number of items to order, click that and it will add the item to your basket.


With any of the above ordering options you’re presented with an option to notify patrons of the new item when it’s received. The contents of that notification can be edited in the Notices & Slips tool and will have the code of ACQ_NOTIF_ON_RECEIV. In the ‘Patrons’ section you will see an option to ‘Add user’. Click that button to add patrons who will be notified of the new issue.

Patron notification search

  • In the window that pops up search for the patrons you’d like to notify and click ‘Select’

  • Once you’re done you can close the window and you’ll see the list of patrons under the ‘Patrons’ section


After bringing in the bib information (for all import methods except for the staged file), if your AcqCreateItem system preference is set to add an item when ordering you will enter the item info next. You need to fill out at least one item record and then click the ‘Add’ button at the bottom left of the item form.


After clicking the ‘Add item’ button below the item record the item will appear above the form and then you can enter your next item the same way (if ordering more than one item).


Once you have entered the info about the item, you need to enter the Accounting information.


  • Quantity is populated by the number of items you’ve added to the order above.

    • Important

      You cannot edit the quantity manually, you must click ‘Add’ below the item form to add as many items as you’re ordering.

  • The list of funds is populated by the funds you have assigned in the Acquisitions Administration area.

  • The currency pull down will have the currencies you set up in the Acquisitions Administration area.

  • The vendor price is the price before any taxes or discounts are applied.

  • If the price is uncertain, check the uncertain price box.

    • A basket with at least one uncertain price can’t be closed.
  • If you are charged sales tax, choose that from the gstrate field

  • Enter the percentage discount you’re receiving on this order, once you enter this, hit tab and Koha will populate the rest of the cost fields below.

  • If you added Planning Values when creating the Fund, those values will appear in the two Planning Value fields.

Once you have filled in all of the fields click ‘Save’ to add the item to your basket. If your price goes over the amount available in the fund you will be presented with a confirmation.


The confirmation warning will allow you order past your fund amount if you so choose.

After an item is added to the basket you will be presented with a basket summary.


If you would like to see more details you can check the ‘Show all details’ checkbox


From here, you can edit or remove the items that you have added.

  • Choosing to ‘Delete the order’ will delete the order line but leave the record in the catalog.

  • Choosing to ‘Delete order and catalog record’ removes both the order line and the record in the catalog.

    • The catalog record cannot always be deleted. You might see notes explaining why.


On the summary page, you also have the option to edit the information that you entered about the basket by clicking the ‘Edit basket header information’ button, to delete the basket altogether by clicking the ‘Delete this basket’ button, or to export your basket as a CSV file by clicking the ‘Export this basket as CSV’ button.


If you’re using EDI for your order you can click the ‘Create EDIFACT order’ button when you’re done to send the file to the vendor and close the basket.


Once you’re sure your basket is complete, you can click ‘Close this basket’ button to indicate that this basket is complete and has been sent to the vendor.


You must close the basket to be able to receive items when they arrive. Only items in closed baskets will show as ready to receive.

If you have your BasketConfirmations preference set to show a confirmation, you will be asked if you are sure about closing the basket.


When closing the basket you can choose to add the basket to a group for easy printing and retrieval. If you check the box to ‘Attach this basket to a new basket group’ you will be brought to the group list where you can print a PDF of the order.



A basket with at least one item marked as ‘uncertain price’ will not be able to be closed.


Clicking the ‘Uncertain Prices’ button will call up a list of items with uncertain prices to quick editing. From that list, you can quickly edit the items by entering new prices and quantities.



The Uncertain Prices page is independent of the basket. It is linked to the vendor so you will see all items on order with uncertain prices for that vendor.

Once your order is entered you can search for it through acquisitions or view the information on the biblio detail page in the staff client (if the AcquisitionDetails preference is set to ‘Display).


Create a basket group

A basket group is simply a group of baskets. In some libraries, you have several staff members that create baskets, and, at the end of a period of time, someone then groups them together to send to the vendor in bulk. That said, it is possible to have one basket in a basket group if that’s the workflow used in your library.

Printing baskets

When you are finished adding items to your basket, click ‘Close this Basket.’


You will be asked if you want to ‘Attach this basket to a new basket group with the same name’. A basket group is necessary if you want to be able to print PDFs of your orders.


Your completed order will be listed on the Basket Grouping page for printing or further modification.


If you closed the basket before generating the EDIFACT order you can do so from the basket grouping page.

Basket Grouping EDIFACT

Clicking the ‘Print’ button next to your order will generate a PDF for printing, which will have all of your library information followed by the items in your order.


Receiving Orders


You must close the basket to be able to receive items when they arrive. Only items in closed baskets will show as ready to receive.

Orders can be received from the vendor information page


or the vendor search results page


After clicking ‘Receive shipment’ you will be asked to enter a vendor invoice number, a shipment received date, a shipping cost and a budget to subtract that shipping amount from.


The receive page will list all items still on order with the vendor regardless of the basket the item is from.


To receive a specific item, click the ‘Receive’ link to the right of the item.


From this form you can alter the cost information. You can also choose to mark only part of the order as received if the vendor didn’t send your entire order by checking only the boxes next to the items on the left that you want to receive. The values you enter in the ‘Replacement cost’ and ‘Actual cost’ will automatically populate the item record by filling in subfield v (Cost, replacement price) and subfield g (Cost, normal purchase price) on the item record after saving.


You can also make edits to the item record from this form by clicking the ‘Edit’ link next to each item. This will allow you to enter in accurate call numbers and barcodes if you’d like to do that at the point of receipt. Once you have made any changes necessary (to the order and/or items, click ‘Save’ to mark the item(s) as received.


If you have your AcqItemSetSubfieldsWhenReceived preference set to add or change values on received items those changes will take place after you hit ‘Save’.


If the item is no longer available from this vendor you can transfer the order to another vendor’s basket by clicking the ‘Transfer’ link to the right of the title. This will pop up a vendor search box.


From the results you can click ‘Choose’ to the right of the vendor you would like to reorder this item from.


You will then be presented with the open baskets for that vendor to choose from. To move the item simply click ‘Choose’ to the right of the basket you would like to add the item to.


Once you have chosen you will be presented with a confirmation message.


When you’re finished receiving items you can navigate away from this page or click the ‘Finish receiving’ button at the bottom of the screen.

If the item cannot be found anywhere you can cancel the order by clicking ‘Delete order’ to the far right. This will prompt you to enter your reason and confirm cancellation.


You will also see that the item is received and/or cancelled if you view the basket.



When orders are received invoices are generated. Invoices can be searched by clicking on ‘Invoices’ in the left of the Acquisitions page.


After searching, your results will appear to the right of the search options.


From the results you can click the ‘Details’ link to see the full invoice or ‘Close’ to note that the invoice is closed/paid for.


If you’re allowing the uploading of acquisitions files with the AcqEnableFiles preference you will see the option to manage invoice files next to the link to ‘Go to receipt page’


To see or attach new files click the ‘Manage invoice files’ link


From here you can find a file to upload and/or see the files you have already attached.


From the invoice search results you can also merge together two invoices should you need to. Simply click the checkbox to the left of the invoices you would like to merge and click the ‘Merge selected invoices’ button at the bottom of the page. You will be presented with a confirmation screen:


Click on the row of the invoice number you would like to keep and it will be highlighted in yellow. Enter any different billing information in the fields provided and click ‘Merge’. The two invoices will become one.

Claims & Late Orders

If you have entered in an email address for the vendors in your system you can send them claim emails when an order is late. Before you can send claims you will need to set up an acquisitions claim notice.

Upon clicking on the link to ‘Late Orders’ from the Acquisitions page you will be presented with a series of filter options on the left hand side. These filters will be applied only closed baskets.



The vendor pull down only shows vendors with closed baskets that are late.

Once you filter your orders to show you the things you consider to be late you will be presented with a list of these items.


To the right of each late title you will be see a checkbox. Check off the ones you want a claim letter sent to and click ‘Claim Order’ at the bottom right of the list. This will automatically send an email to the vendor at the email address you have on file.


The Estimated Delivery Date is based on the Delivery time value entered on the vendor record.

If you would rather use a different acquisition claim letter (other than the default) you can create that in the notices module and choose it from the menu above the list of late items.


Acquisition Searches

At the top of the various Acquisition pages there is a quick search box where you can perform either a Vendor Search or an Order Search.


In the Vendor Search you can enter any part of the vendor name to get results.


Using the Orders Search you can search for items that have been ordered with or without the vendor.


You can enter info in one or both fields and you can enter any part of the title and/or vendor name.


Clicking the plus sign to the right of the Vendor search box will expand the search and allow you to search for additional fields.


Clicking Advanced Search to the right of the search button will give you all of the order search options available.


Budget/Fund Tracking

On the main acquisitions page there will be a table showing you all of your active funds and a breakdown of what has been ordered or spent against them.


Clicking on the linked amounts under spent or ordered will show you a summary of the titles ordered/received on that budget.


EDI Process

Previous sections explain all ordering options, this section pulls out the parts related to EDI or EDIFACT ordering to help those who are only using EDI for ordering.


Koha uses the EDIFACT standard not the X12 standard for electronic ordering.

EDI Questions for Vendors

You will want to gather the following information from your vendors before beginning the set up process in Koha.

EDI Accounts: This is the basic connection information for your vendor. This will be used to fill in the :ref:`EDI Accounts` section.

  • Vendor: The name of the vendor

  • Description: A short description if additional explanation is needed ( especially if you have multiple accounts for one vendor ).

  • Transport: Does the vendor transmit EDI files via FTP, SFTP, or something else the requires special processing?

  • Remote host: The URL or IP address of the FTP/SFTP server

  • Username: The username for the above server

  • Password: The password for the above server

  • Download directory: The path on the server that contains files for Koha to download and process

  • Upload directory: The path on the server that Koha will upload files to for your vendor to process

  • Qualifier: Who assigned the SAN below?

    • Choose one of the following:

      1. EAN International

      (31B) US SAN Agency

      1. Assigned by supplier
      2. Assigned by buyer
  • SAN: The identifier for the vendor

    Buyer qualifier and SAN are optional. Some vendors require a second buyer identifier in addition to the account EAN.

  • Buyer qualifier: Who assigned the SAN below?

    • Choose one of the following:

      1. EAN International

      (31B) US SAN Agency

      1. Assigned by supplier
      2. Assigned by buyer
  • Buyer SAN: The identifier for the library

  • Quotes enabled: [y/n] Does this vendor support sending and receiving quotes via EDIfact and do you want to send and receive quotes via EDIfact?

  • Orders enabled: [y/n] Does this vendor support sending and receiving orders via EDIfact and do you want to send and receive orders via EDIfact?

  • Invoices enabled:[y/n] Does this vendor support sending and receiving invoices via EDIfact and do you want to send and receive invoices via EDIfact?

  • Order file suffix: The file suffix for order files

  • Quote file suffix: The file suffix for quote files

  • Invoice file suffix: The file suffix for invoice files

  • Account number(s): (list them all)

  • Account description(s): (the summary of what this number is for)

EANs: Each library using EDIfact needs to specify a buyer identifier know as a SAN or EAN. This will fill in the :ref:`Library EANs <library-eans-label>` setting.

  • Library

  • EAN

    • Choose one of the following:

      1. EAN International

      (31B) US SAN Agency

      1. Assigned by supplier
      2. Assigned by buyer

MARC Order Fields or Grid Ordering: These values will fill in the :ref:`MarcFieldsToOrder` preference.

  • price: MARC21 field that contains the item price
  • quantity: MARC21 field that contains the number of items for the given record
  • budget_code: MARC21 field that contains the Koha budget code to be debited
  • discount: MARC21 field the contains the discount as a percentage the the price will be discounted by
  • sort2: MARC21 field that will populate custom field sort1
  • sort2: MARC21 field that will populate custom field sort2

EDI Setup

Before you begin ordering using EDI you will want to take the following steps:

EDI Ordering

The first step in ordering using EDI happens on the book vendor’s website. Each seller will use different language, but you will need to place your order on their site and then download the MARC order file. Some language that you might see included “basket”, “order”, “cart”, and/or “MARC order.” Once you have this MARC file downloaded to your computer you will want to log in to Koha and continue the process there.

Visit the Stage MARC Records for Import tool and upload your file. Once presented with the confirmation screen proceed to Acquisitions.

In Acquisitions create a basket for the vendor you ordered from. From the basket, choose to order from a staged file and click ‘Order’ next to the file you downloaded from your vendor and staged in Koha.

From the confirmation screen you will see all of the data in the MARC file related to your order. If you are not seeing fields such as fund and quantity filled in then be sure to confirm that your MarcFieldsToOrder preference is set right.

Once you have added all of the items to the basket you can click the ‘Create EDIFACT order’ button.


This will generate a pending file in the EDIFACT Messages in Koha. The pending files will be processed by the EDI Cron Job and sent to your vendor.

EDI Invoicing

When the book vendor is done processing your files they will send an invoice via EDI as well. The EDI Cron Job will grab invoices and mark items found in the invoice as received and update your funds without any need for manual intervention.

EDIFACT Messages

A log of all messages sent and received via EDIFACT can be found under EDIFACT Messages.